How Can Vestibular Dizziness Be Treated?
Vestibular Dizziness or BPPV (benign proximal positional vertigo) results when the small crystal type lining of the canals of the inner ear break off. This can be caused by trauma (whiplash), dehydration, head cold, infection, age or unknown reasons. When the head turns or tips the crystals move around the canal moving the proprioceptive hairs inside the canals. When the hairs bend, the message sent to the brain is movement in the opposite direction of the head movement. This message is contradictory to what the eyes are observing, so the message from the brain is dizziness.
Vestibular Dizziness is treated with specific positions that reposition the free floating crystals into the main chamber of the ear.
Video of inner ear organs and how the crystals cause dizziness due to BPPV.
Dizziness can also be caused by a condition called Somatosensory Dysfunction. The crystal lining of the inner ear is intact, the body just has a poor sense of 'where it is in space'. This conflicting messages causes the eyes and body to be out of sinc, which causes dizziness. In these incidences, BPPV maneuvers are not performed, rather exercises that related to body sense and eye integration are used.
Somatosensory training enhances sports performance, as it improves agility and timing of movements.
Video of Testing for BPPV of the inner ear for dizziness or somatosensory deficit of the proprioceptive organs that detect balance.